COMPASSION / SAMSARA
The music and dance styles of Bangladesh may be divided into three categories: classical, folk, and modern. The classical style has been influenced by other prevalent classical forms of music and dances of the Indian subcontinent, and accordingly show some influenced dance forms like Bharata Natyam and Kuchipudi. The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and rooted to the soil of Bangladesh. Several dancing styles in vogue in the north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, like monipuri and santal dances, are also practiced in Bangladesh, but Bangladesh has developed its own distinct dancing styles. Bangladesh has a rich tradition of folk songs, with lyrics rooted into vibrant tradition and spirituality, mysticism, and devotion. Such folk songs also revolve round several other themes, including love themes. Most prevalent of folk songs and music traditions include Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi, and Bhawaiya. Lyricists like Lalon Shah, Hason Raja, Kangal Harinath, Romesh Shill, Abbas Uddin, and many unknown anonymous lyricists have enriched the tradition of folk songs of Bangladesh. In relatively modern context, Robindro Shongit and Nazrul Giti form precious cultural heritage of Bangladesh. In recent time, western influences have given rise to several quality rock bands, particularly in urban centers like Dhaka. Several musical instruments, some of them of indigenous origin, are used in Bangladesh, and major musical instruments used are the bamboo flute (bashi), drums (dhol), a single stringed instrument named ektara, a four stringed instrument called dotara, and a pair of metal bawls used for rhythm effect called mandira, are important in the culture of Bangladesh. Currently, several musical instruments of western origin like guitars, drums, and the saxophone are also used, sometimes alongside with traditional instruments.
Belly dancing is believed to have had a long history in the Middle East, but reliable evidence about its origins is scarce, and accounts of its history are often highly speculative. Several Greek and Roman sources including Juvenal and Martial describe dancers from Asia Minor and Spain using undulating movements, playing castanets, and sinking to the floor with 'quivering thighs', descriptions that are certainly suggestive of the movements that we today associate with belly dance. Later, particularly in the 18th and 19th centuries, European travellers in the Middle East such as Edward Lane and Flaubert wrote extensively of the dancers they saw there, including the Awalim and Ghawazee of Egypt. In the Ottoman Empire belly dancers used to perform for the harem in the Topkapı Palace.
The term "belly dance" is a translation of the French term "danse du ventre", which was applied to the dance in the Victorian era, and originally referred to the Ouled Nail dancers of Algeria, whose dance used more abdominal movements than the dances described today as "belly dance". It is something of a misnomer, as every part of the body is involved in the dance; the most featured body part is usually the hips.
Belly dance is primarily a torso-driven dance, with an emphasis on articulations of the hips. Unlike many Western dance forms, the focus of the dance is on relaxed, natural isolations of the torso muscles, rather than on movements of the limbs through space. Although some of these isolations appear superficially similar to the isolations used in jazz ballet, they are often driven differently and have a different feeling or emphasis, which is usually more subtle and contained.
Correct posture and muscle control is as important in belly dance as it is in other fields of dance, and enables a dancer to move the hips freely whilst avoiding lower back injuries. The basic posture used varies slightly between styles (in particular, the knees may be more or less bent, weight may be held slightly further back or forward, and 'resting' arm position may vary), but a kinesiologically correct posture should always be used. Some belly dancers also study Pilates or Alexander technique in order to achieve a healthy and efficient posture.
There is no universally codified naming scheme for belly dance movements. This is due to the folk/social dance origins of the dance form in the Middle East, and the very diverse range of teaching traditions in the West. Some dancers or dance schools have developed their own naming schemes, but none of these are universally recognised.
Bollywood is the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (Bombay), Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; however, it is only a part of the large Indian filmindustry, which includes other production centres producing films in multiple languages. Bollywood is one of the largest film producers in India and one of the largest centres of film production in the world.
Bollywood is more formally referred to as Hindi cinema.
IMPERIAL CHINESE DANCE — FLOWER BEAUTY AND EMPEROR
SINGING BOWLS HEALING SOUNDS
Singing Bowls have been used for centuries for healing and meditation purposes. They create a range of sounds to restore the normal vibratory frequencies of diseased and out-of-harmony parts of the body, mind and soul.
The sounds generated by Singing Bowls are a type of energy medicine that promote healing from stress disorders, pain, depression, and most forms of dis-ease.
Healing processes are initiated through entraining our brainwaves to synchronise with the perfect resonance of the bowls. Unique tones create the perfect state for deep meditation, creative thinking and intuitive messages.
The pure sonic waves that ring from Singing Bowls wake up our ability to hear with more than our ears. We feel the sound Singing Bowls as much as we take it in with our ears.
“If we accept that sound is vibration and we know that vibration touches every part of our physical being, then we understand that sound is heard not only through our ears but through every cell in our bodies. One reason sound heals on a physical level is because it so deeply touches and transforms us on the emotional and spiritual planes. Sound can redress imbalances on every level of physiologic functioning and can play a positive role in the treatment of virtually any medical disorder.”
Dr. Mitchell Gaynor, director of Medical Oncology and Integrative Medicine, the Cornell Cancer Prevention Center in New York. Sound Healing expert, Diáne Mandle states that Singing Bowls don’t only affect a great deal of physical healing but also have far-reaching implications that occur on emotional and spiritual levels. It is a regenerative process married to a spiritual awakening that can have profound consequences on illness, disease, and all aspects of our lives.
QI GONG — Michael
SNOW LION DANCE —
Drepung Gomang Monastery Monks
VICARIOUS•D — J-Thor and
David Jonathan Rogers
Yoga (/ˈjoʊɡə/; Sanskrit: योग, Listen) are the physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines that aim to transform body and mind. The term denotes a variety of schools, practices and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism (including Vajrayana and Tibetan Buddhism) and Jainism, the best-known being Hatha yoga and Raja yoga. The term yoga is derived from the literal meaning of "yoking together" a span of horses or oxen, but came to be applied to the "yoking" of mind and body.
The origins of Yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-vedic Indian traditions, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in the same ascetic circles as the early sramana movements. The earliest accounts of yoga-practices are in the Buddhist Nikayas. Parallel developments were recorded around 400 CE in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, which combines pre–philosophical speculations and diverse ascetic practices of the first millennium BCE with Samkhya-philosophy. Hatha yoga emerged from tantra by the turn of the first millennium.
Many studies have tried to determine the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary intervention for cancer, schizophrenia, asthma, and heart disease.
Vicarious D began from the unexpected camaraderie of two complete opposites, concert violinist David Jonathan Rogers and a dreaded DJ/drummer J-Thor. The two met studying music at Palm Beach Atlantic University, a beach culture Christian school where neither student was at all a poster child. Both homeschooled all twelve years, their differences balance to a synthesis of carefully crafted music centered on a unique conceptual direction for each composition.
David Rogers, a grand-student of David Oistrakh, became concertmaster of the Las Vegas Youth Orchestra at age nine and 2 years later commenced a 5-year post as concertmaster of the Reno Philharmonic Youth Symphony Orchestra. Raised in a Slovakian family completely immigrated to the US, no family members took interest in playing music outside of a stereo here and there. Naturally (biological deduction) it was up to David to have a career in music. In just over three years, he acquired a degree in violin performance and a degree in music composition at Palm Beach Atlantic University, where he won first prize in the concerto competition performing Tchaikovsky. David appears as a featured soloist in Europe, Asia, and North America in genres from Renaissance, classical, and contemporary to jazz, country, as well as rock and roll.
J-Thor entered college already well equipped in instrumental expertise beyond the percussion section. Though on a street corner he may seem simply "that guy with the blond dreadlocks," in concert halls as large as the Kravis Center he bounces from classical performances in orchestras and symphonic bands to song and dance in performances of "Spamalot." J-Thor's interests range from vegetarianism and yoga to entrepreneurism of mobile app design and Kava bars. His violin lessons of younger years along with his mother's position as a church organist helped to provide him with an acute sensitivity as a musician in the percussion section and also in the mixing studio.
Both J-Thor and David Rogers share a particular passion for crossover and an understanding of it's vital roll in the preservation and evolution of time-honored styles and repertoire. So, a reinvention of Rachmaninoff's celebrated Vocalise made a perfect selection for their first release. After listening through the over 700 recordings of this masterwork available on the market, Vicarious D concluded no one had any true reimagining of the piece to suit the main stream public, who, at least in part because of this, probably have never heard of this song. Herein lies one of Vicarious D's strongest passions: a mission to introduce the world to the splendor of classical music.
It may not be possible to do so and maintain a purist's approach, but the essence of the classical genre's carefully crafted form, architecture, and harmony can be presented as a kind of billboard representing what more the original has to offer. In doing so, perhaps Vicarious D can introduce the classical tradition to modern sound when taken just as seriously with just as careful attention to detailed refinement.
Taiko are a broad range of Japanese percussion instruments. Within Japan, the term refers to any kind of drum, but outside Japan, the term is often used to refer to any of the various Japanese drums called wadaiko and to the form of ensemble taiko drumming more specifically called kumi-daiko "drum collection". The process of constructing taiko varies between manufacturers, but must include the making and shaping of a drum body, choosing a skin for the drum head, and carefully stretching the skin over the drum head to create appropriate tension.
Taiko have a mythological origin in Japanese folklore and appears to be a drumming style of Japanese origin. Historical writings documented young Japanese men being sent to Korea to study specially the drumming of kakko, a drum from Southern China. The drums are similar to the instruments found in Korea and China from shape to ornament. Taiko is believed to have been introduced to Japan through Korean and Chinese cultural influence between 300–900 CE. Some taiko drums are similar to ones from India, Thailand, Vietnam and other cultures, which suggests a Southern Asia influence on the set of instruments. Archaeological evidence suggests that taiko have existed in Japan as far back as the Kofun period. Their function has varied through history, ranging from communication, military action, theatrical accompaniment, religious ceremony, festival performances, and entertainment. In contemporary times, taiko drums have been the basis for certain social movements for minorities both within and outside Japan.
Taiko performance consists of many components in technical rhythm, form, stick grip, clothing, and the particular instrumentation. Typically, ensembles will often use different types of barrel-shaped nagadō-daiko as well as smaller shime-daiko. In addition to drums, many groups use vocals, string, and woodwind instruments for accompaniment.
T'ai chi ch'uan or tàijíquán, often shortened to t'ai chi, taiji or tai chi in English usage, is an internal Chinese martial art practised for both its defense training and its health benefits. It is also typically practised for a variety of other personal reasons: its hard and soft martial art technique, demonstration competitions, and longevity. As a result, a multitude of training forms exist, both traditional and modern, which correspond to those aims. Some of t'ai chi ch'uan's training forms are especially known for being practised with relatively slow movement.
Today, t'ai chi ch'uan has spread worldwide. Most modern styles of t'ai chi ch'uan trace their development to at least one of the five traditional schools: Chen, Yang, Wu (Hao), Wu, and Sun.
Medical research has found evidence that t'ai chi is helpful for improving balance and for general psychological health, and that it is associated with general health benefits in older people.
The Snow Lion is the mythological animal that represents Tibet (the snowy country.) This animal symbolizes the fearless but elegant quality of the enlightened mind. I couldn’t stop smiling as the Snow Lion bounced across the stage. Its image can be found in the Tibetan National Flag. The Snow Lion is the king of all beasts. It represents absolute freedom, roaming around with its eyes turned to heaven.
Drepung Gomang 'Sacred Arts Tour 2014 Tour is formally invited by the Tashi Gomang Dharma Center of Drepung Gomang Institute, located in Louisville, Kentucky. The center is a 501 (c) 3 is committed to preserving the Tibetan Culture, Traditions and Religion. Sue Simone is the National coordinator and can be reached at 203 725 6888.
The authentic Tibetan programs that the group offers are a blend of ancient cultural, religious, and artistic expressions. You may choose to offer an educational program focusing on ancient historic beliefs, an artful performance or display that demonstrates colorful Tibetan traditions, and/or a truly inspirational combination of Tibetan art, history and sacred traditions that completely inspire the spirit.
2014-2015 tour is led by Geshe Lharampa Yonten Gyatso.
BRIEF BIOS OF SAT EASTERN MEMBERS 2014-2015
Geshe Lharampa Yonten Gyatso born in Darjiling. From young age, he has great wishes to become a monk. At the age of 15, he became monk and studied reading of Buddhist texts at his native place. In 1985, he joined Drepung Gomang Monastery where he started studies on the elementary monastic texts. He completed all the monastic class (Five Major Treatise on Buddhist Philosophy, 16 year courses) and has also passed all the Gelug Gyuktoe (Gelug University Examination of six years course) with remarkable result and was conferred Geshe Lharampa title in 2003 (equivalent to Ph.D in Western University). He also joined one-year mandatory Tantric course at Gyumed Tantric College in 2004. As the member of Sacred Arts Tour group of 2014, he is profoundly qualified in giving religious teachings, conducting traditional Buddhist Ceremonies, chants and Buddhist rituals. He is also qualified to give religious teachings, talks and will participate in any interfaith discussion and will participate in Cultural Pageant as Chöd Master. He is senior most member of the tour group and will lead the monastery’s tour 2014. He has visited Russia in 1997. He also served as the Discipline Head of this monastery in 2012-2013
Kherap Gyatso, age 39, was born at Mundgod, he became a monk at the age pf 11 in 1986 and undertook studies on reading scriptures at his native place. In 1993 he joined Drepung Gomang Monastery to continue his studies on Buddhist Philosophy. He completed all the monastic class (Five Major Treatise on Buddhist Philosophy, 16 year courses) of the monastic curriculum and was honored with Geshe Kabchu title in 2009. As the member of this sacred art Tour group 2014, he is qualified in conducting religious ceremonies, chants and rituals and also qualified in construction of Buddhist religious Sand Mandala, conducting workshop on Sand Mandala and Buddhist religious butter sculpture. During the cultural pageant, he will participate as Chöd Master during chanting.
Born in 1981 at Mundgod, Tsepak Lobsang became monk in 1989 at his native place and joined Drepung Gomang Monastery in 1991 to pursue further monastic studies. Since then he has been active in his religious practice and studies and completed monastic curriculum which he was honored with Geshe Kabchu title in 2011. As the member of Sacred Arts tour group 2014, he is the Chant Master and well qualified in all the religious chanting during religious ceremonies, master in construction of Sand Mandala painting, he will be performing in Snow Lion Dance and Chöd, playing drum and little trumpet (gyaling) during the cultural Pageant. He is highly expert and qualified in painting, butter sculpting. He also visited Slovenia in 2001, Italy 2003 and Russia 2012 as religious group.
Jamphel Gyatso, born in 1982 at Mundgod, at the age 10, he became a monk at his native place and studied reading texts before joining Drepung Gomang Monastery in 1997 where continued his further monastic studies on Buddhist Philosophy, At present, he is studying at Dulva Class (Vinaya) of monastic curriculum. As the member of this sacred art group 2014, he is qualified in the construction of Sand Mandala, Butter sculpture, religious ceremonies and chants. During the cultural pageant, he will be taking part in Tashi Sholpa dance (Good luck dance), Snow Lion Dance and Chöd ritual and also playing Dungchen (the religious instrument: Long Horn)
Sopa Gyatso, born on 1986 at Mundgod, at the age of 13 he became a monk at his native place. He joined Drepung Gomang Monastery in 2003 where he continued his monastic studies of Buddhist Philosophy of sixteen year curriculum. Currently, he is studying in Karam Buk of monastic curriculum. As the member of this sacred art Tour group 2014, he is qualified to conduct religious ceremonies and Buddhist chants, qualified in the construction of Sand Mandala painting, butter sculpture. During the cultural pageant, he will be also playing Gyaling (small trumpet;religious musical instrument) and taking part in Snow Lion Dance and Chöd ritual.
Jinpa Gyatso, age 35, born in Mundgod, he became monk in year 1988 at his native place, his family really considered this to be an auspicious when someone from family join a monastery. He joined Drepung Gomang Monastery in 1999 to pursue monastic studies of Buddhist Philosophy, studying first the elementary texts of the monastic curriculum. He has been active in his religious practice and studies and at present he is studying in Karam Buk. As the member of Sacred Arts Tour group 2014, he is qualified in all the chants, construction of Sand Mandala painting and butter sculpture. He also will be performing in Snow Lion Dance, playing Gyaling (religious musical pipes) and Chöd ritual during the cultural pageant. He has visited Russia in 2011 as a religious group.
Tsultrim Dorjee, born in 1987 at remote village of Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh), at the young age of 9, he became a monk and joined Drepung Gomang Monastery in 1996 where initially studied the elementary texts under his teacher and then continued his further monastic studies on Buddhist Philosophy, At present, he is studying at Zoe Class (Abhidharmakosh) of monastic curriculum. As the member of this sacred art group 2014, he is qualified in the construction of Sand Mandala, Butter sculpture, religious ceremonies. During the cultural pageant, he will be participating in Tashi Sholpa dance (Good luck dance), yak dance and Chöd ritual, he will be also playing Dungchen (Long Horn; religious musical instrument).
Tenpa Tsering, born in 1983 at Mundgod, at age 12, he became a monk at his native place and studied reading texts before joining Drepung Gomang Monastery in 2003 where continued his further monastic studies on Buddhist Philosophy, At present, he is studying at Parchen Class (Prajnaparamita) of monastic curriculum. As the member of this sacred art group 2014, he is qualified in the construction of Sand Mandala, Butter sculpture, religious ceremonies. During the cultural pageant, he will be taking part in Tashi Sholpa dance (Good luck dance) and Chöd ritual.
DUN HUANG SILK DANCE
DunHuang frescoes contain many artistic representations of famous images as depicted in various Buddhist stories and sutras - classic religious texts of Buddhism. These outstanding and graceful artistic images show as aesthetic form that often reflected daily life in China in the age the frescoes were painted. In the late 1980's, after close study of these images from Dunhuang frescoes, leading Chinese dance experts created a special Silk Road style dance called "DunHuang Dance." With a breathtaking beauty and elegance, this cultural performance reflects a rich and distinctive dance tradition in China.
Qigong, chi kung, or chi gung (simplified Chinese: 气功; traditional Chinese: 氣功; pinyin: qìgōng; Wade–Giles: chi gong; literally: "Life Energy Cultivation") is a practice of aligning body, breath, and mind for health, meditation, and martial arts training. With roots in Chinese medicine, philosophy, and martial arts, qigong is traditionally viewed as a practice to cultivate and balance qi (chi) or what has been translated as "life energy".
According to Daoist, Buddhist, and Confucian philosophy, respectively, qigong allows access to higher realms of awareness, awakens one's "true nature", and helps develop human potential.
Qigong practice typically involves moving meditation, coordinating slow flowing movement, deep rhythmic breathing, and calm meditative state of mind. Qigong is now practiced throughout China and worldwide for recreation, exercise and relaxation, preventive medicine and self-healing, complementary and alternative medicine, meditation and self-cultivation, and training for martial arts.
Research concerning qigong has been conducted for a wide range of medical conditions, including hypertension, pain, and cancer treatment. Most systematic reviews of clinical trials have not been conclusive, and all have been based on poor quality clinical studies, such that no firm conclusions about the health effects of qigong can be drawn at this stage.
Fernando Ramos, born in Miami, FL, has had a knack for dancing ever since the age of three. He has been a huge fan of the King of Pop, Michael Jackson since, watching his iconic videos such as “Thriller”, “Billie Jean”, “Beat It”, “Bad”, and many others countless times for sixteen years of his life. He has been a dedicated fan ever since, trying his best to mimic every move and strongly dedicated to perfecting them. He is teaming up with singer, dancer, and actress Marilyn Montoto to bring audiences incredible performances. He aspires to become a professional Michael Jackson impersonator while simultaneously striving to become a professional musician in order to continue carrying Michael Jackson’s message of peace through the arts of music, and dance. Michael Jackson has heavily influenced the way Fernando views life, the purpose of it, and the trials in it. This is why Fernando considers him one of the most important figures of the 20th Century.